1. What is E.S.L.? And is E.S.L. different from E.L.D.?
E.S.L. or English-as-a-Second-Language instruction is a key component of effective educational programs for students with limited knowledge of the English language. Usually these students are called Limited English Proficient, or L.E.P. students. E.S.L. classes are provided for L.E.P. students in all grades, from Kindergarten to the 12th grade. Also there are E.S.L. classes for adults.
The main goal of E.S.L. instruction is language development, especially the development of listening and speaking skills, literacy skills, and vocabulary development. Effective E.S.L. instruction for Kindergarten-12th grade students is always connected to, or integrated with, content area instruction, such as Math, Science, Social Studies, Health, Art, Music, Physical Education, etc. Effective E.S.L. instruction prepares students to listen to, and understand, the language spoken by their content area teachers, and to participate in content area classes through active use of the language of the content areas.
Effective E.S.L. instruction also helps students, in Kindergarten through adult education programs, develop the language for interpersonal communication. Students develop Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills, or B.I.C.S. Students learn how to ask questions, provide directions, give commands, influence and persuade others, respond appropriately to many different situations, respond to emergencies, respond respectfully and with good manners, use idiomatic expressions, understand humor and make jokes.
Effective E.S.L. instruction prepares students to understand American culture and to
react appropriately from this new perspective. L.E.P. students need to master many new
cultural behaviors to successfully function in American schools, possibly within American
families, and in American society. E.S.L. instruction addresses all of these kinds of
knowledge that students need to have to become effective participants in the American way
In California, because there are so many students who already understand and speak, and in many cases also read and write, several languages, E.S.L. is usually called English Language Development, or E.L.D. Basically, E.L.D. uses the same techniques, strategies and methods used in E.S.L. In California, E.S.L. students are usually called "English learners." English learners in E.L.D. classes tend to be grouped according to their levels of English language acquisition. The instructional techniques, strategies and methods for Pre-Production English learners are different from those appropriate for Early-Production, Speech Emergence or Intermediate Fluency Level English learners.
For more in-depth information, classroom demonstrations, and "coaching" of new and/or experienced teachers, Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK offers:
1. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
2. Cross Cultural Diversity - Multicultural Strategies
3. Effective Instruction for English Learners (L.E.P. students) Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
4. Promoting Academic Success in Language Minority Students
5. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
6. Oral Language / Literacy Skills / Higher Order Thinking Skills
7. 50/50 Dual Language Programs: design, planning and implementation
8. The Structure of English / The Structure of Spanish
9. Transition: Introduction to English Reading
Web Site Programs for Teachers: Numbers 1, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
Web Site Programs for Paraprofessionals: Number 3.
Web Site Programs for New Teachers:
Enhanced Cultural Sensitivity - The Challenge of Students Diversity
Identifying / Responding to Students' Language Needs
Phonemic Awareness: Teaching English phonics to L.E.P. students
Relationship Between Reading, Writing and Spelling
Improving Reading Performance -- Building Oral Language Skills)
Write and e-mail any additional questions you may have, and Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will establish with you, your school or district a Technical Assistance Service Contract. Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will answer all your questions promptly and to your satisfaction.
For information and credentials please click on the link below or contact directly:
CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK, Ph.D.
Educational Consultant, Program Evaluator
National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, Certification (12/2006)
3113 Malcolm Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90034-3406
Phone and Fax: (310) 474-5605