100.  Subject: Re: Direct objects

Will you ever find a direct object in a prepositional phrase?

 

Tim, wonderful question!!!! And "Thank You!!!" for your interest in my Web Sites.

Would you give me an example?

Direct objects can be persons, objects, places, thoughts, ideas, and abstractions that the ACTION named by the verb requires for the ACTION to take place.

I will think of some examples:

John saw Mary. -- He saw her. PERSON

John saw a book. -- He saw it. OBJECT

John saw Madrid from the air.-- He saw it from the air. PLACE

John saw the truth. -- He saw it. THOUGHT

John saw that his dreams would become a reality. -- He saw it. IDEAS

John saw justice in the verdict. -- He saw it. ABSTRACTION

I cannot generate a sentence with a prepositional phrase in the direct object slot. Can you?

Changing a sentence from active into passive voice does not change the grammatical classification of a part of speech. I can change all sentences below to passive voice:

John saw Mary. -- He saw her. PERSON
Mary was seen by John.

John saw a book. -- He saw it. OBJECT
The book was seen by John.

John saw Madrid from the air.-- He saw it from the air. PLACE
From the air Madrid was seen by John.

John saw the truth. -- He saw it. THOUGHT
The truth was seen by John.

John saw that his dreams would become a reality. -- He saw it. IDEAS
That his dreams would become a reality was seen by John.

John saw justice in the verdict. -- He saw it. ABSTRACTION
In the verdict justice was seen by John.
"by John" is NOT a prepositional phrase/direct object.

In none of the passive voice sentences above, "by John" can be substituted by ""him, her, or it." For example: Mary was seen by John, / [Mary was seen him.]

 


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