22. How can I give directions in English?
Give directions DEMONSTRATING what you want students to do. SHOW, DEMONSTRATE, ACT OUT, DRAMATIZE, PRETEND to be a student. Better yet, have a student from a previous class visit and demonstrate what to do as you give directions. Better still, make a short video demonstrating or having a student demonstrate what the directions say, just like in an airplane before take off.
Once the students can hear, see, and imitate what you want done through the directions, WRITE THEM and POST THEM. That way the directions are always given the same way!!! There is nothing more frustrating to students and teachersthan confusion because the directions are give orally one way one day and in a different way on another day. Besides, teachers can name "Directions Monitors" who can read, re-read, and re-re-read the directions every time they are needed. Thus, students will be learning to listen to the directions, speaking the directions and reading the directions, even when the teacher is absent and a substitute teacher takes over the class.
For younger students at the Pre-Literate stage in the development of reading and writing skills, the teacher can take pictures of the students performing the directions correctly. Then teachers can POST the pictures in the correct sequence and point to the pictures the next time directions are needed. Then the children can do the pointing and the telling of the directions a "Directions Monitor" can be chosen every single day!!!!
For more in-depth information, classroom demonstrations, and "coaching" of new and/or experienced teachers, Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK offers:
1. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
2. Cross Cultural Diversity - Multicultural Strategies
3. Effective Instruction for English Learners (L.E.P. students) Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
4. Promoting Academic Success in Language Minority Students
5. Cognitive - Academic Language and Vocabulary Development
6. Oral Language / Literacy Skills / Higher Order Thinking Skills
7. 50/50 Dual Language Programs: design, planning and implementation
8. The Structure of English / The Structure of Spanish
9. Transition: Introduction to English Reading
Web Site Programs for Teachers: Numbers 1, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
Web Site Programs for Paraprofessionals: Number 3.
Web Site Programs for New Teachers:
Enhanced Cultural Sensitivity - The Challenge of Students Diversity
Identifying / Responding to Students' Language Needs
Phonemic Awareness: Teaching English phonics to L.E.P. students
Relationship Between Reading, Writing and Spelling
Improving Reading Performance -- Building Oral Language Skills)
Write and e-mail any additional questions you may have, and Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will establish with you, your school or district a Technical Assistance Service Contract. Dr. CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK will answer all your questions promptly and to your satisfaction.
For information and credentials please click on the link below or contact directly:
CARMEN SANCHEZ SADEK, Ph.D.
Educational Consultant, Program Evaluator
National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, Certification (12/2006)
3113 Malcolm Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90034-3406
Phone and Fax: (310) 474-5605